Concrete Tee Design and Construction
While grass, dirt and decomposed granite all make good tees, many prefer concrete tee pads for the durability.
The following information is a general guideline specific to tee pad installation. If you are not familiar with mixing and forming concrete, please contact your local hardware store or search online for more detailed information.
Concrete is mixed in lots of different ways. Make sure tee pads are level as possible, front to back and from side to side with a slight slope so water can run off, making sure there are no low areas where water will pool.
The pad should be installed on flat level ground with firm native ground on all sides to protect against erosion. If space is available, design the approach to the tee with extra room for players who like to get a moving start for their drives. Make sure that the tee is installed with rain runoff taken into consideration.
The sides of the tee pad should transition gracefully to the surrounding ground to prevent injury from spraining ankles and tripping players as they follow through with their drives. Tee pads should be a minimum of 4” thick using a 3000+ PSI minimum concrete.
Tees may be as small as 4 ft x 8 ft on short Rec. courses to 6 ft x 12 ft on larger courses.
Steps to Concrete Slab Construction
Plan thoroughly before installation to decide what will be the most economical and efficient workflow for your tee pad construction. For large championship caliber courses with 6′ x 12′ tee pads it can pay to order a load from a cement truck and a small tractor loader to transfer the premixed concrete out to the tee pads.
- Making up the formwork (the frame that borders the concrete and stops it from spreading).
- Positioning the formwork on prepared level ground. The perimeter edges of the tee can be dug deeper to create a footing and a stronger slab.
- Fixing the formwork in place with pegs.
- Mixing and pouring the concrete and placing, steel web or reinforcing steel rods (Approximately 1 cubic yard per tee pad).
- Screeding and finishing the concrete.
- Dismantling the formwork.
NOTE: The concrete will need to set (cure). Keep the concrete moist for about three days by hosing with a fine mist now and then. This is especially crucial in warmer conditions.
Concrete in direct hot sun should be covered with some type of building wrap, roofing felt or shaded, for the curing period. If you must pour the concrete on a very hot day, leave it till mid or late afternoon.
Process for Broom Finishing the Concrete Tee Pad
Concrete tee surface treatment is up the course designer. The concrete can be left with the screed finish, broom finished, or finished using a material like Astroturf attached to the broom and weighed to create deeper traction grooves then brooming would alone.
- Pour the slab
- Strike off with a screed
- Wait for the bleed water to evaporate
- Broom the surface by running a concrete broom perpendicular to the throwing direction.